Charles & Gai Jewell
Missionaries in the Central African Republic
The country, its land and its people.
Unity, Dignity, Work
The History :
In colonial days CAR was a part of French Equatorial Africa. On December 1,1958, CAR
achieved self government. Its first Prime Minister was Barthelemy Boganda. Boganda was
killed in a plane crash months after he became Prime Minister. He is called the founding father of CAR.
CAR gained independence on August 13.1960 with David Dako as its first president.
The first multi-party elections were held in 1993. This brought Ange Felix Patassi to power.
The current president is Francois Bozize, elected in 2005.
Independence : August 13 1960
total: 622,984 sq km
slightly smaller than Texas
Highest Point : Mount Ngaoui in western CAR (1410 meters)
The Land :
CAR is a land locked country bordered by:
Chad (North), Sudan (East), Republic of the Congo (South West),
Democratic Republic of the Congo (South), Cameroon (West).
Most of the land is savannah, but the area to the north that is mostly desert, and the area in the
south is forest. 2/3 of the land lies between the Ubangui River and the Congo River.
Capital--Bangui (pop. 690,000). Other cities--Berberati (56,867), Bouar (39,676), Bambari (32,603), Bangassou (24,450), Bossangoa (31,723), Mbaiki (16,901), and Carnot (31,324).
(July 2009 est.): 4,511,488.
0-14 years: 40.9% (male 928,277/female 917,739)
15-64 years: 55% (male 1,235,940/female 1,244,958)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 71,439/female 113,135) (2009 est.)
Per capita income (2008, PPP): $700.
Infant mortality rate--80.62 deaths/1,000 (2009 est.). Life expectancy--44.47 yrs. (2009 est.).
Percentage of population infected with HIV/AIDS: 13.5%
The People and Languages :
CAR has more than 70 ethnic groups.
French is the official language mainly used for trade.
Sango (sahn-gho) is the language mainly used inside the country.
Communication was a problem for the ones who traveled and traded in CAR. It became
necessary for a common language that all would understand and that could be easily learned.
Sango became the most used language in CAR.
CAR is one of the poorest countries in the World and among the poorest countries on the
African continent. Most of the people are farmers
French (official trade language), Sango (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Years compulsory--6. Enrollment--primary school 55% (2007 est.). Literacy--48.6% (2006 est.).
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Currency : Central African Francs
Missionary groups : Lutheran, Baptists, Roman Catholic, Grace Brethren, Jehovah’s witness.
Year entered by BMM: 1920
This page designed & maintained by Michael Brelish.
Page was last edited 02/02/2013 06:48:37 AM
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